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How to Investigate Unexplained Respiratory Disease Outbreaks (URDO)


Infection control measures typically play an important role in preventing disease transmission during respiratory outbreaks. While many materials are developed for health care settings, some of these documents may contain guidance that can also be applied to other settings, such as schools or daycare facilities. 

The following links are for reference only:


Other Helpful References

  1. For zoonotic respiratory infections such as Q fever, anthrax, Chlamydia psittaci, Coxiella burnetti (Q fever):  CDC. Compendium of Measures To Prevent Disease Associated with Animals in Public Settings, 2005.  MMWR 2005 Mar 25; 54(RR04): 1-12. CDC. (with Link)
  2. CDC. Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP), 2007 Prevention and Control of Influenza. MMWR 2007 July 13; 56(RR06): 1-54.  
  3. CDC. Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome-United States: Updated Recommendations for Risk Reduction .  MMWR 2002 July 26; 51(RR9): 1-14.
  4. CDC. Guidelines for preventing health-care-associated pneumonia, 2003: recommendations of CDC and the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC). MMWR 2004 Mar 26; 53(RR3): 1-179. 
  5. CDC. Guidelines for Preventing the Transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis
    in Health-Care Settings, 2005.
    MMWR 2005 Dec 30; 54(RR17): 1-141.
  6. CDC. Prevention of Plague: Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP).  MMWR 1996 Dec 13; 45(RR14); 1-15.

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