Types of Radiation Emergencies
Radiation emergencies may be intentional (e.g., caused by terrorists) or unintentional. Below are some examples of different types of radiation emergencies. Click on the icons to find out what to do if a radiation emergency happens in your area.
Improvised Nuclear Device and Nuclear Weapons
- A nuclear weapon is a device that uses a nuclear reaction to create an explosion.
- An Improvised Nuclear Device (IND) is a type of nuclear weapon.
- When an IND explodes, it gives off four types of energy: a blast wave, intense heat, light, and radiation.
- Nuclear explosions produce fallout (radioactive materials that can be carried long distances by the wind).
Dirty Bomb or Radiological Dispersal Device (RDD)
- A dirty bomb (also known as a Radiological Dispersal Device or RDD) is a mix of explosives such as dynamite, with radioactive powder or pellets.
- A dirty bomb cannot create an atomic blast.
- When the explosives are set off, the blast carries radioactive material into the surrounding area.
Radiological Exposure Device (RED)
- A Radiological Exposure Device or RED (also called a hidden sealed source) is made of or contains radioactive material.
- REDs are hidden from sight to expose people to radiation without their knowledge.
- It is very unlikely that a transportation accident involving radiation would result in any radiation-related injuries or illnesses.
- Shipments involving significant amounts of radioactive material are required to have documentation, labels, and placards identifying their cargo as radioactive.
Workplace Radiation Incidents
- Radiation sources are found in a wide range of settings such as health care facilities, research institutions, and industrial operations.
- Accidents can occur if the radiation sources are stored or used incorrectly, or if safety controls malfunction.
- Page last updated March 12, 2014
- Page last reviewed August 22, 2013
- Content source: Radiation Studies Branch (RSB), Division of Environmental Hazards and Health Effects (EHHE), National Center for Environmental Health (NCEH), Coordinating Center for Environmental Health and Injury Prevention (CCEHIP)
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