2010 Report: Public Health Preparedness
Section 1: A National Snapshot of Public Health Preparedness Activities - Continued
Additional CDC Resources Supporting Preparedness in States and Localities
CDC supports a variety of other programs and resources in the states and localities to enhance preparedness. These activities are described below and summarized in Table 9.
Research, Training, Education, and Promising Demonstration Projects
Centers for Public Health Preparedness (CPHP). The CPHP program strengthens preparedness by linking academic expertise to state and local health agency needs. This program is an important resource for the development, delivery, and evaluation of preparedness education. CPHPs collaborate with state and other health agencies to develop, deliver, and evaluate preparedness education based on community need. In FY 2008, 28 colleges and universities within the CPHP program provided preparedness education to public health workers, healthcare providers, and students.
Preparedness and Emergency Response Research Centers (PERRC). PERRCs conduct research to evaluate the structure, capabilities, and performance of preparedness and emergency response activities in federal, state, and local public health systems. PERRC scientists must connect with multiple partners within the public health infrastructure to incorporate diverse perspectives into their research. In FY 2008, CDC awarded funding to seven accredited schools of public health for establishing PERRCs.44
Advanced Practice Centers (APC). This network of local health departments develops resources and training that enhance the capabilities of all local health departments and the public health system to prepare for, respond to, and recover from public health emergencies. In FY 2008, there were seven APCs nationwide.
Centers of Excellence in Public Health Informatics. These Centers contribute to the efforts of CDC’s Public Health Informatics program by advancing the ability of healthcare professionals to communicate health recommendations to consumers, and by making the use of electronic information systems easier. They seek to improve the public’s health through discovery, innovation, and research related to health information and information technology. In FY 2008, there were five Centers.
Pandemic Influenza Promising Practices Demonstration Projects. In FY 2008, selected state and local public health departments received Public Health Emergency Preparedness (PHEP) cooperative agreement pandemic influenza supplemental funding through a competitive process for 55 projects serving as innovative approaches for pandemic influenza preparedness. The goal was to develop promising practices or effective approaches that can be replicated nationally to improve national, regional, and local public health detection and response to an influenza pandemic.
Other CDC Resources Available to States and Localities
Epidemic Intelligence Service (EIS) Field Officers. The EIS program expands the epidemiology workforce through a two-year epidemiology training program modeled on a traditional medical fellowship. EIS officers (epidemiologists) serve as a critical component to CDC’s support of states and localities during responses to routine public health incidents and large-scale national emergencies. In FY 2008, 71 officers were assigned to state and local public health departments, where they conducted 319 epidemiologic investigations (e.g., public health response, research, and surveillance system evaluations) and functioned as an integral part of the health department.
Deployments of CDC staff to states. CDC personnel are deployed routinely for emergency response operations and EPI-AID investigations. For EPI-AID investigations, CDC’s EIS officers, along with other CDC staff, provide technical support to state health agencies requesting assistance for epidemiologic field investigations of disease outbreaks or other health emergencies. In FY 2008, there were 84 incidents with a total of 381 CDC staff deployed.
|Research, Training, Education, and Promising Demonstration Projects||Number|
|Centers for Public Health Preparedness CDC, OPHPR (OD); FY 2008||28|
|Preparedness and Emergency Response Research Centers CDC, OPHPR (OD); FY 2008||7|
|Advanced Practice Centers NACCHO; FY 2008||7|
|Centers of Excellence in Public Health Informatics CDC, OSELS; FY 2008||5|
|Pandemic Influenza Promising Practices Demonstration Projects CDC, OPHPR (DSLR); FY 2008||55|
|Additional CDC Resources Supporting Preparedness in States and Localities||Number|
Epidemic Intelligence Service CDC, OSELS; FY 2008
Deployments CDC, OPHPR (DEO); FY 2008
|Career Epidemiology Field Officers CDC, OPHPR (OD); as of 9/30/2008||26*|
|Quarantine Stations CDC, OID (NCEZID); FY 2008||19**|
*One additional CEFO is located in American Samoa
Career Epidemiology Field Officers (CEFOs). CDC places experienced, full-time epidemiologists in state and local public health departments to enhance and build epidemiologic capacity for public health preparedness and response. (States use PHEP funds to support CEFO positions.) CEFOs also serve as liaisons and consultants between CDC and public health departments, and as mentors for state and local public health department staff and EIS officers assigned to state or local health departments. In FY 2008, 26 CEFOs were located in 21 states and one CEFO was located in American Samoa.
Quarantine Stations. In FY 2008, CDC’s 19 domestic quarantine stations (one additional quarantine station is located in Puerto Rico), strategically located at U.S. ports of entry where the majority of international travelers arrive in the United States, helped detect and respond to diseases of public health significance.
- Page last updated September 21, 2010
- Page last reviewed September 21, 2010
- Content source: Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response (OPHPR, formerly the Coordinating Office for Terrorism Preparedness and Emergency Response [COTPER])