CDC Support for the Emergency Management Assistance Compact (EMAC)
Ratified by Congress and signed into law in 1996, the Emergency Management Assistance Compact (EMAC) is an interstate mutual aid agreement that provides a mechanism for sharing personnel, equipment and resources among states during emergencies and disasters. EMAC has traditionally been used by states for National Guard, emergency management and other types of response assistance. More recently, it has been used to provide public health and medical assistance with much success. Some benefits of using EMAC include
- Increased collaboration among states during emergency preparedness, response and recovery;
- Better awareness and understanding of state and local needs;
- Increased access to personnel, equipment and resources;
- Consideration of legal issues related to worker compensation, liability, credentialing and reimbursement.
All 50 states, three territories (U.S. Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico and Guam), and the District of Columbia have enacted legislation to become members of EMAC. To use EMAC in the most effective manner possible, health departments are encouraged to collaborate with their emergency management agencies and other response partners to increase their awareness and understanding of the EMAC system, organization, components and principles. Health departments are also encouraged to participate in education and training on EMAC whenever possible.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) National Center for Environmental Health (NCEH), Division of Emergency and Environmental Health Services (EEHS) coordinates the EMAC Environmental Health Assistance Initiative.
The objectives of the initiative are to
- Encourage the increased use of EMAC among states in the provision of public health and environmental health assistance and resources during emergencies and disasters;
- Define and establish the roles of CDC in providing consultation, technical expertise and support to public health and environmental health departments during emergencies and disasters when EMAC is being used to provide state-to-state assistance and resources.
CDC facilitates and supports efforts to provide education, awareness and training on EMAC to local, state and federal public health professionals.
For more information on the EMAC Environmental Health Assistance Initiative, contact Martin A. Kalis at (770) 488-4568 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Official website for the Emergency Management Assistance Compact (EMAC)
- Emergency Management Assistance Compact (EMAC) Preparedness Guide and Deployment Tips for State, Local Tribal Public Health and Medical Personnel
EMAC: A Model for Regional Coordination
- A Menu of Suggested Provisions for Public Health Mutual Aid Agreements
GAO Highlights: Emergency Management Assistance Compact
- GAO Full Report: Emergency Management Assistance Compact
- CDC Public Health Law Program Mutual Aid Web Site
- CRS Report for Congress - The Emergency Management Assistance Compact (EMAC): An Overview
Lindsay, Bruce R., Congressional Research Service, July 21, 2008
(160 KB/10 pages)
- Page last updated September 6, 2011
- Content source: Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response
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